Unipop : The invention of the figure of the individual by the first sociologists #3
The figure of the individual is omnipresent in our contemporary societies. It is obvious to say that social practices – of work, culture and leisure, etc. – are individualizing. – are individualizing. They are the work of individuals whose “qualities“, “performances“, “skills“, etc. are praised and/or cultivated.
We live in a society that values the individual more and more, often to the detriment of what socially links him to others. Because the individual is also a social being.
The health crisis that we have been going through for almost two years shows this in its pathological effects. The successive confinements remind us that the individual needs “social relations“, that his personal development depends on multiple forms of sociability.
It is this relationship between the pole of the individual and the pole of society that I wish to analyze. I will privilege the approach of the first great sociologists of the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century.
These sociologists had, indeed, to think the emerging figure of the individual in the societies which were industrializing. What will hold my attention is the way they define the relation between the individual and the society and how this relation is crossed by multiple tensions which illustrate what I will call the social nature of the individuals.
Date: Périscope, Monday, March 14, 2022, 19h-21h.
In this last session, I will present a slightly different reading of this problematic of the emergence of the individual. I will rely mainly on Weber’s reading of the modernization of societies, a reading that he develops, in particular, in a major work: Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism [1904-1905, 1st ed.] This will be an opportunity to understand that “capitalism” as a contemporary form of modern society goes hand in hand with the development of an individual who, while gaining in “rationality” and “freedom”, nonetheless lives in a “disenchanted” world…